Cavities are holes in the tooth enamel caused by the accumulation of harmful bacteria. Bacteria in the mouth feed on plaque, a sticky substance made of food particles and saliva. When the bacteria feed on the starches and sugars contained in plaque, they break them down. This process creates acids that damage and weakens the tooth enamel. Once the enamel is weakened, a cavity is made. Cavities also expose the nerves and tissues within the tooth, leading to tooth sensitivity and pain. Dr. Jose Gil and the team at Hamilton Dental Designs treat patients who have cavities in Allentown, PA. Addressing cavities helps save the natural tooth and prevent reinfection.
Treating Cavities: Root Canals and Fillings
Once a patient has a cavity, they are likely to have decayed tissue in the middle of their tooth. When a dental infection reaches the inner chamber of the tooth, it affects the dental pulp. The dental pulp is made up of blood vessels, cells, and connective tissue. Dr. Gil offers root canal treatment to remove the infected dental pulp and clean out the tooth chamber.
After root canal treatment, Dr. Gil will recommend a dental filling. Dental fillings seal the tooth cavity and prevent further decay. Tooth fillings are typically made of composite resin or amalgamated metal. Although metal fillings are known to provide strength and durability, they do not blend in with the rest of the smile. Composite or white fillings match the color of natural tooth enamel.
How to Prevent Cavities
The best way to prevent cavities is to maintain a good oral hygiene routine. Brushing and flossing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush helps remove plaque and bacteria. Routine dental appointments also help keep bacteria at bay. During a dental cleaning, our experienced dental hygienists thoroughly clean the mouth using specialized dental tools. Receiving a biannual dental cleaning helps ensure that your teeth and gums receive a deep clean.
Contact Our Dental Office
Do you have sensitive teeth? Does it hurt to be and chew? Request a dental consultation with Dr. Gil on our website. New patients of Hamilton Dental Designs may call 610-421-4540. Current patients can call 610-351-2200.